Tag Archives: halotolerant

Macroinvertebrates of south Western Australia’s salt rivers 5

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) camptorhynchus is a mosquito species that breeds in the brackish and saline water of estuaries, inland rivers and wetlands. The larvae have been collected from water over twice as salty as sea water (90 ppt). The pupae are short lived, hatching quickly into adults. The adults can travel quite long distances and are found throughout the year, however they are most common from March to December. They are capable of transmitting the Ross River virus.

Macroinvertebrates of south Western Australia’s salt rivers 1

Dytiscidae Necterosoma penicillatus

Necterosoma penicillatus is a predatory diving beetle endemic to southern Australia. The adults are able to tolerate extremes of salinity and have been collected in salinities of 130 ppt (over 3 times saltier than the sea), however the larvae require lower salinities to survive. The larvae have long swimming hairs on their legs and feed on their prey by piercing then pumping into them digestive juices with their long mandibles. They then suck up the liquefied food. The adults have long fringes of hair on their hind legs which act as paddles. They feed on their prey by pulling them apart with their strong fore legs and mandibles.